The HCTSR is a rating measure that can be used to assess the observable critical thinking demonstrated by presentations, reports, essays, projects, classroom discussions, panel presentations, portfolios, and other ratable events or performances.
Students and instructors have found the HCTSR ideal for learning to make critical thinking operational in a wide variety of educational contexts.
The HCTSR provides criteria for assigning a rating at one of four levels ranging from strong to weak critical thinking. Instructionally, the use of the HCTSR facilitates an understanding of the language of critical thinking in everyday conversation and practices the rater in the evaluation of classroom level learning outcomes assessment of critical thinking.
Insight Assessment is committed to the international advancement of critical thinking. We believe critical thinking can and should be fostered, developed and assessed. We offer the HCTSR as a free resource for educators and students.
Holistic Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric in English
Holistic Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric in Chinese (Simplified)
Holistic Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric in Chinese (Traditional)
Holistic Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric in Farsi
Holistic Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric in Italian
Holistic Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric in Latvian
Holistic Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric in Portuguese
Holistic Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric in Russian
Holistic Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric in Spanish
Permission for use: HCTSR, © 1994, by Peter A. Facione and Noreen C. Facione. Published by Insight Assessment / The California Academic Press. Permission is hereby granted to copy the HCTSR to use this tool for teaching, assessment or other educational and noncommercial purposes. No part of the HCTSR may be altered. Appropriate author and publisher citation is required. Other permissions, e.g. to reproduce the HCTSR for sale in course packages, books, or on-line can be obtained by contacting Insight Assessment / The California Academic Press. Students and instructors may download a free PDF copy of the HCTSR for personal, noncommercial uses.
Advisory Note: The HCTSR is not a standardized measure of critical thinking. It is a qualitative tool best used for developmental purposes. The validity and reliability of HCTSR ratings rest on the ability of the rater to recognize and discriminate between varying examples of reasoning processes. As with all rubrics, the training and calibration of raters in the use of this tool is required to establish valid and reliable ratings (Kappa statistic).
The VALUE rubrics were developed by teams of faculty experts representing colleges and universities across the United States through a process that examined many existing campus rubrics and related documents for each learning outcome and incorporated additional feedback from faculty. The rubrics articulate fundamental criteria for each learning outcome, with performance descriptors demonstrating progressively more sophisticated levels of attainment. The rubrics are intended for institutional-level use in evaluating and discussing student learning, not for grading. The core expectations articulated in all 16 of the VALUE rubrics can and should be translated into the language of individual campuses, disciplines, and even courses. The utility of the VALUE rubrics is to position learning at all undergraduate levels within a basic framework of expectations such that evidence of learning can by shared nationally through a common dialog and understanding of student success.
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Critical thinking is a habit of mind characterized by the comprehensive exploration of issues, ideas, artifacts, and events before accepting or formulating an opinion or conclusion.
This rubric is designed to be transdisciplinary, reflecting the recognition that success in all disciplines requires habits of inquiry and analysis that share common attributes. Further, research suggests that successful critical thinkers from all disciplines increasingly need to be able to apply those habits in various and changing situations encountered in all walks of life.
This rubric is designed for use with many different types of assignments and the suggestions here are not an exhaustive list of possibilities. Critical thinking can be demonstrated in assignments that require students to complete analyses of text, data, or issues. Assignments that cut across presentation mode might be especially useful in some fields. If insight into the process components of critical thinking (e.g., how information sources were evaluated regardless of whether they were included in the product) is important, assignments focused on student reflection might be especially illuminating.
The definitions that follow were developed to clarify terms and concepts used in this rubric only.
- Ambiguity: Information that may be interpreted in more than one way.
- Assumptions: Ideas, conditions, or beliefs (often implicit or unstated) that are "taken for granted or accepted as true without proof." (quoted from www.dictionary.reference.com/browse/assumptions)
- Context: The historical, ethical. political, cultural, environmental, or circumstantial settings or conditions that influence and complicate the consideration of any issues, ideas, artifacts, and events.
- Literal meaning: Interpretation of information exactly as stated. For example, "she was green with envy" would be interpreted to mean that her skin was green.
- Metaphor: Information that is (intended to be) interpreted in a non-literal way. For example, "she was green with envy" is intended to convey an intensity of emotion, not a skin color.
Acceptable Use and Reprint Permissions
For information on how to reference and cite the VALUE rubrics, visit: How to Cite the VALUE Rubrics.
Individuals are welcome to reproduce the VALUE rubrics for use in the classroom, on educational web sites, and in campus intra-institutional publications. A permission fee will be assessed for requests to reprint the rubrics in course packets or in other copyrighted print or electronic publications intended for sale. Please see AAC&U's permission policies for more details and information about how to request permission.
VALUE rubrics can also be used in commercial databases, software, or assessment products, but prior permission from AAC&U is required. For all uses of rubrics for commercial purposes, each rubric must be maintained in its entirety and without changes.